The Smart Cities Of The Future:
Various Ways Technology Is Transforming Our Cities
The present scenario is witnessing the advent of interactive technology in shaping smart city infrastructure.
A smart city is one that leverages technology to enhance and improve the quality of services and provide a better way of living environment for its residents, businesses, and local government.
The impact of smart city technology initiatives can range anything from power distribution, water system, transport system, and even rubbish collection. The mission is to use technology to give a better life for the people by sustainably reducing operational expenses.
Evolving technological trends such as the Internet of Things (IoT), artificial intelligence, autonomous vehicles, and big data make it possible for humans to create spaces in which we could interact with technology in a connected and automated way.
Smart city trends and future developments
1) Agriculture and food processing
Consumers are conscious of the quality of the foods they consume, which means farmers and food processors need to get agricultural products (livestock, crops) from farm to table very quickly, ensuring freshness and safety of food items.
Internet of Things (IoT) systems help farmers and food processors to make this done hand in hand in an automated system.
Innovative smart technologies will allow farmers to detect crops that are ready to be harvested; food processors can track the environment and freshness of the products.
Smart technologies can rightly track the freshness of the product during various stages like storage, transportation, and processing phases.
Additional sensor facilities can track the efficiency of production, packing stages, and repair needs.
Thus, IoT systems ensure high quality, fresh and safe products from farm to table served at their best. Smart city technology can help people to eat fresh and quality foods, to lead a healthy life.
2) Precision farming
By implementing a precision farming solution, farmers can manage the spread-out farm by gathering data on the status of the environment, crops, and farm animals and ensure the functioning at its full capacity.
Farmers can use IoT systems to understand farm conditions to optimize farm management better and reduce resource usage.
3) Smart parking
According to a report, about 30% of traffic congestion in urban areas mainly occurs by drivers circling to find parking spaces. By integrating a smart parking solution, cities can reduce traffic blocks and reduce pollution.
Smart parking meters and parking garages will display open parking spots available. These smart devices will let drivers park efficiently rather than circling about to find parking spots.
4) Waste Management
Traditionally, waste collection is carrying out at regular intervals. However, systematically scheduled waste collection is not required as it does not suit individuals and businesses to fill up their waste bins at different rates. Trucks must empty every waste bin on their routes regardless of whether they are filled up or not. There are some situations where some dust bins overflow before the next schedule.
By implementing a sensor-based waste management system, cities can monitor trash fill levels, schedule the optimal routes and times for waste collection, determine the number of waste bins required, etc.
5) Radiation leak detection
Nuclear power plants produce a considerable portion of the nation’s power. It is beneficial to ensure the safety of these nuclear plants because human senses cannot detect radiation leaks. Radiation leaks can cause health issues to the people living in the surroundings and are lethal to children and pregnant ladies.
Implementing a radiation leak detection solution composed of sensors and embedded gateways can measure radiation levels and detect leaks to ensure the safety of people in surrounding areas. Implementing smart technologies can help to lead a safe life for people.
6) Fire detection
Fire detection solutions can detect heat, smoke, gas, or flames associated with fires and prevent the damage it can cause. Commercial building fires can spread in a blink of an eye leading to a massive amount of property damage and taking the lives of many.
Implementing fire detection sensors can detect the presence of smoke and recognize thermal variations quickly to ensure the safety of lives and property.
7) Home Security systems
Police statistics show that home burglaries mostly happen when no one is home. By integrating a smart home security system, housebreaking can be kept away by ensuring safety for our personal properties. Integrating window alarm sensors, security cameras, automatic door locks, intercoms, activated by smartphones, and key-chain sensors can protect our belongings all around the clock.
8) Medical Refrigerators
Medical refrigerators are the storehouse of vital medications, vaccines, and blood donations. Pharmacists and physicians rely on these items to save the lives of their patients. It will be arduous if these refrigerators lose power because the contents inside are expensive and difficult to replace.
Implementing a medical refrigerator with sensor embedded solutions can easily monitor the temperature inside, ensuring proper storage temperature. These sensors can help the authorities from unnecessary costs and help to keep patients safe.
9) Indoor Air Quality
Low indoor air quality can lead to several health issues such as eye, nose, and throat irritation. Over time exposure to unhealthy indoor air quality may lead to serious health issues.
Implementing an indoor air quality monitoring system can analyze air quality, measure airflow, detect the levels of carbon monoxide and other air pollutants, and help to maintain healthy indoor air quality.
10) Tank level monitoring
Fuel dealers use supply tanks to store a variety of compounds. For uninterrupted operations, these supply tanks should not be empty at any time.
Implementing a smart tank level monitoring system can read tank levels and refill them from time to time.
11) Wireless gas level monitoring
Using a wireless gas level monitoring system, it is now easy to manage and monitor metering and gas levels remotely. AI integrated smart gas tanks can detect their state and send messages to cloud-based inventory, and request delivery of a new one when its content reaches a specified level. It can reduce the hassles of users by providing them a regular flow of gas without any flaws.
12) Water flow Monitoring
Extreme weather conditions have led to water scarcity in some countries, and water leakage is another issue troubling us.
Implementing smart water flow monitoring systems can track the water flow, detect leaks, and track meter reading as well. Automatic water valve shut off systems can also be integrated along with this.
13) Monitoring cattle in real-time
It can be troublesome to keep a keen eye on all the cattle on the ranch. Cattles with any disease should be detected in the early stage and should be separated to prevent the spread of infection.
Smart monitoring helps to track cattle health in large ranches efficiently to monitor cattle behavior, predict and prevent diseases.
As smart technology continues to expand, it will be a boom for people and nations. Integrating smart technology and using big data can lead to better developments and upgrade our infrastructure. The demand for smarter cities has gradually increased as it will help to improve the quality of life with minimal use of resources.